Medicinal Plants

Some Plants in our gardens......Some in the wild...
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Gituli
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Posts: 460
Joined: Sat May 14, 2011 9:40 pm
Location: Odisha, India

Medicinal Plants

Postby Gituli » Tue Jul 02, 2013 4:54 pm

There's an old story, I remember reading in some book.

Once upon a time in ancient India, a student was studying under his Guru in an ashram.
The Guru wanted to test the disciple. So he sent him away to search for a list of plants which have absolutely NO use. The student went on searching for a year and another year. He couldn't find a single plant which was "Not useful".
So, he returns back and reports his findings back to his Guru.
Having heard him, the Guru smiles and tells him that he has completed his learning :)

The story reminds us the usefulness of plants..
Will try to list a few of the medicinal plants here :)

Some links:
http://www.nagarjuneducationsociety.blogspot.com/
https://www.facebook.com/pages/Banausad ... bs-In-Odia
...It's All In the Mind...

Gituli
Traveller
Posts: 460
Joined: Sat May 14, 2011 9:40 pm
Location: Odisha, India

Medicinal Plants - Tulsi / Basil

Postby Gituli » Tue Jul 09, 2013 2:40 pm

Different types of Tulasi / Basil, from the "Ocimum" family

Botanical Name Odia Hindi English Remarks
Ocimum Tenuiflorum ତୁଳସୀ तुलसी Holy basil, Tulsi --
Ocimum americanum ବଣ-ତୁଳସୀ, ଗୟା ତୁଲସୀ, ନନ୍ଦ ବଗୁଲି Vana tulasi Hoary Basil, Wild basil, Lemon basil --
Ocimum kilmandscharicum କର୍ପୂର ତୁଳସୀ Karpur tulsi Camphor Basil --
Ocimum gratissimum ରାମ ତୁଳସୀ राम तुलसी Clove basil, Shrubby basil, Tree basil --
Ocimum basilicum var. thyrsiflora କର୍ପୂର କାନ୍ତି, ଦୂର୍ଲଭା -- Thai Basil --
Ocimum basilicum ଧଳା ତୁଲସୀ तुलसी बासीलीक Sweet Basil, Basil --
...It's All In the Mind...

Gituli
Traveller
Posts: 460
Joined: Sat May 14, 2011 9:40 pm
Location: Odisha, India

Medicinal Plants - Tulasi

Postby Gituli » Tue Jul 09, 2013 2:44 pm

Lets start our list with our favourite, Tulasi :)

Botanical Name: Ocimum Tenuiflorum (Ocimum sanctum)
English: Holy basil, Tulsi
Odia: ତୁଳସୀ(Tulasi)
Hindi: तुलसी(Tulsi)
Sanskrit: --
Bengali: (Tulsi)
Gujarati: (Tulsi)
Marathi: (Tulshi)
Telugu: (Tulsi)

Courtesy: Wiki
Image

Description:
Grows naturally without a lot of demands.
Used as a religious symbol by the Hindus.
A variety with green leaves is called Shri Tulsi and one with reddish leaves is called Krushna Tulsi.

Use:
Tulsi is considered to be an adaptogen, balancing different processes in the body, and helpful for adapting to stress.
Marked by its strong aroma and astringent taste, it is regarded in Ayurveda as a kind of "elixir of life" and believed to promote longevity.
Tulasi extracts are used in ayurvedic remedies for a variety of ailments. Traditionally, tulasi is taken in many forms: as herbal tea, dried powder, fresh leaf or mixed with ghee.
...It's All In the Mind...

Gituli
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Posts: 460
Joined: Sat May 14, 2011 9:40 pm
Location: Odisha, India

Medicinal Plants - Bana Tulasi

Postby Gituli » Tue Jul 09, 2013 2:45 pm

Another plant from the same family :)

Botanical Name: Ocimum americanum (Ocimum canum)
English: Hoary Basil, Wild basil, Lemon basil
Odia: ବଣ ତୁଳସୀ (Bana Tulasi), ଗୟା ତୁଲସୀ (Gayā Tulasi), ନନ୍ଦ ବଗୁଲି(Nanda baguli)
Hindi: (Vana tulasi, Kali tulasi)
Sanskrit: (Vana tulasi, Aranya tulasi, Vanabarbarika, Kshudraparna, Gambhira)
Bengali: (Kalo-tulashi)
Gujarati: --
Marathi: (Ran-tulshi)
Telugu: (Kukka Thulasi)

Courtesy: Wiki
Image

Description:
Plant commonly found in fields and waste lands, throughout India.


Use:
It is a well-known spice in Africa and Asia, where the aerial plant parts are used.
For example, to flavour fish soup.

Useful part : Leaves, Seeds.
Leaves possesses strong anti-fungal and anti-bacterial properties (Begum et al., 1999).
  • It is used in cold, coughs and bronchitis.
  • Leaf juice is used for dysentery and as a mouth-wash for relieving toothache.
  • Leaf is used for checking nose bleeding and malarial fever.
  • Leaf paste is used as a cure for parasitical skin diseases.
  • Tea or infusion of the leaf is used in fever, indigestion and diarrhoea.
Dried plant may be burnt as mosquito repellant.
...It's All In the Mind...

Gituli
Traveller
Posts: 460
Joined: Sat May 14, 2011 9:40 pm
Location: Odisha, India

Medicinal Plants - Karpura Tulasi

Postby Gituli » Tue Jul 09, 2013 2:47 pm

Another plant from the same family :)

Botanical Name: Ocimum kilmandscharicum
English: Camphor Basil
Odia: କର୍ପୂର-ତୁଳସୀ(Karpura Tulasi)
Hindi: (Karpur tulasi)
Sanskrit: --
Bengali: --
Gujarati: --
Marathi: --
Telugu: --


Description:
Annual shrub reaching about five feet tall in a season.
It becomes woody with camphor-scented leaves

Use:
The plant is used as a pain relief and pest repellent.
Can be used in sachets to protect woolens and as a tea for stomach aches.
...It's All In the Mind...

Gituli
Traveller
Posts: 460
Joined: Sat May 14, 2011 9:40 pm
Location: Odisha, India

Medicinal Plants - Rāma Tulasi

Postby Gituli » Tue Jul 09, 2013 2:48 pm

At last the gratissimum..

Botanical Name: Ocimum gratissimum
English: Ram Tulsi, Wild Basil, African basil, Clove basil, Shrubby basil, Tree basil
Odia: ରାମ ତୁଳସୀ(Rāma Tulasi)
Hindi: राम तुलसी (Rām tulsi), बन तुलसी (Ban tulsi)
Sanskrit: Ajaka, Ajeka, Bilvaparni, Doshakleshi
Bengali: ৰাম তুলসী(Ram tulsi)
Gujarati: --
Marathi: Ajavala, राम तुलसी(rama tulasi)
Telugu: Nimma-tulasi, Rama-tulasi

Courtesy: Wiki
Image

Description:
Grows to be a bushy and woody shrub.
Perennial.

Use:
A tea of its leaves is used for colds and fevers, the leaves are burned to repel mosquitoes.
...It's All In the Mind...

Gituli
Traveller
Posts: 460
Joined: Sat May 14, 2011 9:40 pm
Location: Odisha, India

Medicinal Plants - Durlabhā

Postby Gituli » Tue Jul 09, 2013 2:48 pm

Now, the "Basil" used in "Thai Cooking"

Botanical Name: Ocimum basilicum var. thyrsiflora
English: Thai Basil
Odia: କର୍ପୂର କାନ୍ତି (Karpura-kānti), ଦୂର୍ଲଭା (Durlabhā)
Hindi: (Marva)
Sanskrit: --
Bengali: --
Gujarati: --
Marathi: --
Telugu: --

Courtesy: Wiki
Image

Description:
Can be propagated by cuttings.


Use:
Used in Thai Cuisine as a spice.
Oil from leaves, stem & flowers relieve stress.
...It's All In the Mind...

Gituli
Traveller
Posts: 460
Joined: Sat May 14, 2011 9:40 pm
Location: Odisha, India

Medicinal Plants - Dhalā Tulasi

Postby Gituli » Tue Jul 09, 2013 2:49 pm

Now, the "Basil" used in Italian Cooking

Botanical Name: Ocimum basilicum
English: Sweet Basil, Basil
Odia: ଧଳା ତୁଲସୀ(Dhalā tulasi)
Hindi: तुलसी बासीलीक (tulasī bāsīlīka), Barbar
Sanskrit: ---
Gujarati: --
Marathi: --
Telugu: --

Courtesy: Wiki
Image

Description:
Has a strong clove scent when fresh.

Use:
Used in Italian Cuisine as a spice.
Basil oil have potent antioxidant, antiviral, and antimicrobial properties, and potential for use in treating cancer.
It is traditionally used for supplementary treatment of stress, asthma and diabetes.
Intake of the seeds in large quantities is harmful for the brain.

Basil, like other aromatic plants such as fennel and tarragon, contains estragole, a known carcinogen and teratogen in rats and mice.
...It's All In the Mind...

Gituli
Traveller
Posts: 460
Joined: Sat May 14, 2011 9:40 pm
Location: Odisha, India

Medicinal Plants - DayaNa

Postby Gituli » Fri Dec 19, 2014 12:52 pm

Time for some more aromatic, medicinal leaves :-)

Botanical Name: Artemisia vulgaris, Artemisia nilagirica Family: Asteraceae (Sunflower family)
English: Indian Wormwood, Mugwort
Odia: ଦୟଣା (DayaNa)
Hindi: नागदोना (Nagdona), दवना (Davana)
Sanskrit: नागदमन (Nagadaman), दमनक (Damanak)
Gujarati: --
Marathi: ढोरदवना (Dhordavana), Gondhomaro
Telugu: Masipatri
Tamil: மக்கீபூ (Makkippu)

Courtesy: Wiki
Image

Description:
Perennial weed with persistent rhizomes, become woody with age. Leaves two to four inches long, one to three inches wide, simple, alternate, deeply lobed, and have a distinctive aroma. Leaf undersides are covered with soft, white to gray hairs, while upper leaf surfaces may be smooth to slightly hairy. Mugwort looks similar to the Sebati (chrysanthemum), which lack its distinctive aroma.
These grow best in free-draining sandy soil, unfertilized, may be waste lands and in full sun.

Use:
Leaves are used for making garlands.
Used in clothes' shelves as insect repellent.
Plants attract many caterpillars & butterflies, hence useful for butterfly garden.
...It's All In the Mind...

Gituli
Traveller
Posts: 460
Joined: Sat May 14, 2011 9:40 pm
Location: Odisha, India

Medicinal Plants - Pudina

Postby Gituli » Fri Dec 19, 2014 1:51 pm

Now for some Pudina

Botanical Name: Mentha x piperita Hybrid(Mint family)
English: Peppermint
Odia: ପୁଦିନା (Pudina)
Hindi: विलायती पुदीना (Vilayati pudina), पेपरमिंट (Peppermint)
Sanskrit: --
Gujarati: ફૂદીનો (Phudino)
Marathi: पेपरमिंट (Peppermint)
Telugu: మిరియాల ద్రావకము (Miriyala dravakamu)
Tamil: புதீனா (Pudina)

Courtesy: Wiki
Image

Description:
Herbaceous perennial plant, grows from rhizomes. The rhizomes are wide-spreading and fleshy. Leaves are 4–9 cm long, 1.5–4 cm broad, dark green with reddish veins, and with a pointed tip and coarsely toothed margins. Leaves are similar to the mint leaves. The leaves and stems are usually slightly hairy. It is a hybrid mint, a cross between watermint (Mentha aquatica) and Spearmint (Mentha spicata).

Use:
Peppermint has a high menthol content, and is used as a flavouring in tea, ice cream, confectionery, chewing gum, and toothpaste. The oil also contains menthone and menthyl esters. It is the oldest and most popular flavour of mint-flavoured confectionery. Peppermint can also be found in some shampoos and soaps, which give the hair a minty scent and produce a cooling sensation on the skin.
...It's All In the Mind...


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